Opiates have very essential medical uses, but they are also some of the most addictive drugs. Medically, they are used as painkillers, and the same properties that make them function as pain relievers are the same ones that make individuals become dependent on them. You may be wondering what opiates are, and how they are addictive substance.
So, what are opiates? These drugs are obtained from poppy plants. There are both natural and synthetic opiates. Inside the pods of poppy flowers that have matured is a sticky sap that can be processed to make the opiates. You can ingest opiates into your body through smoking, sniffing, eating, and through injections. Medically approved opiates are administered through prescriptions to ensure that you take them in amounts that are not harmful to your body. They are used to moderate severe pain. Some of the synthetic opiates include:
The natural opiates include:
Medical researchers state that there are opiate receptors all over the body, so, these drugs function through attaching to opioid receptors (specific body proteins) located on nerve cells in the gastrointestinal tract, the spinal cord, the brain, and other organs in the body. Once the opiate drugs are attached to the opioid receptors, they alter the way your body feels pain. These drugs bring forth feelings of euphoria or pleasure. The strength of the opiate you use determines how powerful the effects will be. Opiates when ingested also slow your breathing and heart rate.
How Do Individuals Get Addicted to Opiates?
When you take opiates, the nerve receptors in the brain record the feelings of pleasure that these drugs provide. The pleasurable feelings that opiate drugs provide prompt people to want to experience them again by taking the drugs over and over. If you continue taking opiates in greater quantities to be euphoric, the drugs’ effectiveness reduces.
Your brain will now want the pleasurable feelings provided by opiate drugs, but it will still want to maintain some balance. As a result, your brain and body start to produce lesser natural opiates to fight the synthetic opiates, which are now in excess. At this point, the brain and body now reduce their responsiveness to the opiates you take, promoting an increased opiate use. You begin to take opiates to avoid feeling bad, instead of taking them to feel good.
After some time, you may start to notice that the feelings of pleasure are not comparable to the ones you had been feeling in the initial stages of using the opiate drugs. Individuals do not realize that they may be addicted to the opiates, but they start to feel anxious or depressed when they have not used the drug. It is important to know that opiate works on the brain and body, and addiction develops because of their effects.
Opiates use begins with good intentions, and it is the pleasurable feelings they provide that make them so highly addictive. It is beyond someone’s willpower to get addicted. When opiates addiction kicks in, you may start to feel withdrawal symptoms when you are not on the drugs. Some of the most common withdrawal symptoms include: nausea and vomiting, body aches, diarrhea, irritability, cold chills, dilated pupils, abdominal pain, rapid heart rate, involuntary muscle movements, and many more.
The use of opiates with other drugs and alcohol could increase the risk of addiction and other harmful effects such as overdosing. Opiates have their short-term and long-term effects that you may experience, and some of them are
- Impaired judgment
- Euphoric feelings followed by lassitude
- Slurred speech
- Disregard to threatening environmental situations
- Sexual dysfunction
- Painful withdrawal symptoms
- Increased risk of suicide attempts
- Brain damage because of decreased oxygen flow.
Detox and Medication Assisted Treatment
If you are struggling with opiates addiction or know of a person who is, you can check into rehab facilities in Miami, located in the Southeastern most part of the United States. A rehab facility in Miami can offer you medical assisted treatment to help in the detoxification process, and reduce you cravings and withdrawal symptoms. Rehabilitation is a gradual process and medication can help you to recover.
A rehab facility can offer you three types of medications that are used to treat opiate drugs addiction. These classes include:
- Agonists- The medication offered here include Methadone. This medication is administered to fully activate your opioid receptors, and they can stay in the body between 24 and 60 hours. When you take them as prescribed, they produce feelings similar to those opiates provide without the harmful effects.
- Partial agonists- A good example of such kind of medication is buprenorphine. The partial agonists work by activating the opioid receptors. When you take them, the effects cease after reaching a specific point.
- Antagonists- A good example of detoxification medication in this class is naltrexone. Just as the name suggests, the class of medication works by blocking receptors and tampering with the effects that opiates give you.
Medication-assisted treatment is important because it works to help you abstain from opiates use, avoid relapse, eliminate withdrawal symptoms, and minimize the chances of opiate drugs overdose. Most importantly, it helps to reduce instances of harmful behavior affiliated to opiate addiction.
Our rehab facility in Miami will have qualified physicians who will select the best mode of treatment for you. Besides medication, the physicians ensure that you receive behavioral intervention and screening to identify any infectious diseases. If you were struggling with opiate addiction, checking into a Miami rehab facility would be wise because after initial detox, you will receive maintenance treatment that will help you beat the addiction. More so, you will get the care you deserve because most individuals experience relapses after initial detox.
After detox, addiction treatment is provided to you, and it involves counselling sessions. Moreover, individuals in the recovery process have access to rehabilitation programs in the rehab center, which offer life skills training, maintenance therapy, and support groups.
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